Employee Motivation in the Organization: a Case Study of Nigerian Ports Authority

13675 Words Jul 17th, 2010 55 Pages
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Of all the factors of production, labour is the most important factor of production, which is supplied by the employees. The success or failure of any enterprise is therefore ultimately predicated on the willingness or otherwise of the people who supply the labour Force. A manager plays an important part in coordinating the efforts of individual workers to active organizational objectives. His work also include planning, organizing, leading, directing and supervising workers so that they can willingly, and happily contribute their best to the accomplishment and attainment of corporate objectives.
It is pertinent to acknowledge the fact that people are unique
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In addition to the above, other major factors could be responsible for workers low level of motivation are poor wages and salaries, lack of incentives unpleasant working conditions, poor supervision, lack of opportunity for advancement, non-participation of employees in setting organizational objectives, poor personal policy, lack of opportunity for advance, non-participation of employees in setting organizational objectives, poor personnel policy, lack of job security and non appreciation and acknowledgement of good efforts of workers”.
Commenting on the workers negative attitude to work, McGregor (1960)4 in his theory X assumptions postulated that the average human beings has an inherent dislike for work and will try to avoid it if possible. One of the causes of employee’s dissatisfaction and low morale may be related to inadequate working environment as this may lead to high employee turnover. Hertzberg, (1957) supported this view when he identified working environment as one of the factors that causes employee dissatisfaction.
Lastly, the uncertainty regarding employees job security workers whose job security is not guaranteed, are not encouraged or motivate to put in their best.

1.3 PURPOSE OF STUDY
The purpose of this study is to highlight and discuss variables (raised by management) that makes for worker’s motivated and job satisfaction towards increasing his productivity, and use those