Employee Work Motivation

1386 WordsJul 13, 20186 Pages
Motivated employees are important to an organization, because work motivation relates to the performance of employees and their behaviour towards the organization (Katzell & Thompson, 1990). “Managers see motivation as an integral part of the performance equation at all levels, while researchers see it as a fundamental building block in the development of useful theories of effective management practice (Steers, Mowday, & Shapiro, 2004, p. 379)”. In this study the role of work motivation of prospective employees played a central role, because in this study it was investigated if motivation to work for an organization was influenced by the ethical and philanthropic responsibilities. The term motivation is derived from the Latin word…show more content…
Table 1: Some potential ways of satisfying employee needs (Champagne & McAfee as cited in Ramlall, 2004, p.54). Need Examples Physiological Cafeterias, vending machines, drinking fountains Security Economic Physiological Physical Wages and salaries, fringe benefits Provide job descriptions, avoid abrupt changes Working conditions, rest periods Affiliation Create team spirit, encourage social interaction Esteem Use praise and awards, delegate responsibilities Self-actualization Give training, provide challenges The need theory of Maslow focused on 5 needs, MacClelland came up with a work motivation theory, who just like Maslow focused on the needs. However, MacClellands (1961) theory focused on three needs, the need for achievement, the need for power and the need for affiliation. The need for achievement means that someone strives to success. By the need for power is meant that one would have the need to make others behave in a way that they would not have done otherwise. One must feel in control. The third need is the need for affiliation, which means that a person wants to have relationships with others, specifically friendly and close personal relationships (MacClelland, 1961). All these theories are intended to motivate employees that already work for the organization. However, these theories can also be applied to prospective employees, because they must be motivated as well. In this
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