Essay on Encouragement in the Criminal Justice System

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Encouragement is a form of positive reinforcement that every individual will require at some point. People encourage one another to make an individual strive to improve, to keep trying or to lift a person’s spirit. In times of frustration and doubt, encouragement can be used as a tool to promote growth or point a person in the right direction. Consider the hypothetical posed in unit one, in which the client was considering suicide. Thoughts of suicide result when a person is at their lowest point. This is a point when the individual sees death as a release of his or her suffering and when death is viewed as a more favorable option to living. In this case, the individual must be encouraged as to why his or her life is worth living and…show more content…
Even when the scenarios between two clients are similar, they will never be exactly the same. Interactions between a client and the criminal justice professional may not always go smoothly, and the professional will likely experience certain obstacles along the way. One of the biggest obstacles a criminal justice professional will be confronted with is a difference in culture or subculture. People within the same culture will not have the same attitudes or perceptions because differences can still result due to ethnic group, family values and personal experiences. Culturally speaking, a criminal justice professional will find it very difficult to encourage clients of different cultures if the professional view's clients in an ethnocentric manner. Assessing clients in accordance with the professional’s values will severely limit their ability to help and encourage their client. Failure to consider differences in culture and in values will lead to misunderstandings and decrease the rapport between the client and the professional (Summers, 2009). Part of a professional's ethical responsibility is to become familiar and understand cultures that differ from the professional’s cultural background. Overcoming the obstacle of cultural differences is not easy and might take some work on the professional part. However, the professional should always be open and should keep in mind that every person is an individual. Professionals should
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