End Stage Renal Disease: Economics and the Balance of Treatment Modalities

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End stage renal disease economics and the balance of treatment modalities. Name Professor Institution Course Date End stage renal disease economics and the balance of treatment modalities. Introduction The main role of the kidney in the maintenance of the body mechanisms is to remove excess fluids and toxin from the body as urine. The process through which human beings remove urine from the body entails re-absorption and excretion thus complexity of the process. Kidney focuses on the stabilization of the acid, potassium, and salt content within the body. Kidneys also facilitate operation of various organs in the body through production of Vitamin D and various hormones. In the context of the United States, approximately 26 million patients suffer from the implications of chronic kidney disease. There are five critical stages affecting the operation or functioning of the renal (Sullivan, 2010). The last/final stage results in the eventual failure of the renal. In order to measure the progression of the disease, it is vital to integrate various tests such as urine protein tests, blood pressure, and Glomerular filtration rate. There is still no known cure for the end stage renal disease. In order to manage this condition, patients normally require kidney transplantation and aspects of dialysis with the aim of continued survival. Without these management measures, patients would suffer from the formation of toxin and fluid in the blood and the aspect of uraemia. This

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