End of Segregation

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End of Segregation When African Americans first came to the United States, most of them were brought over to this land from their native homes as slaves, meant to do hard labor on farmlands owned by mostly wicked white plantation owners. They were not treated equally with white people in this country. In fact, African Americans were not even treated as people. Legislation in the United States after the American Revolution determined that a slave only counted as 2/3 of a person. The Dredd Scott Decision by the United States Supreme Court upheld the erroneous belief on the part of early Americans that slaves were "property not people" (Tsesis 2008, page 77). Following the American Civil War and the passage of the 19th Amendment, this changed and African Americans were finally granted citizenship in the United States. However, African Americans were still not anywhere near equal to whites in the United States, particularly throughout the southern states. Jim Crow laws in the south allowed for the segregation of African American and Caucasians in public places, such as bathrooms and schools. Even the United States Supreme Court upheld institutionalized segregation in the Plessy v. Ferguson case. Here, the Supreme Court ruled that having separate but equal facilities was still equal. The fact that black schools almost always had fewer and lower quality supplies, limited funds, and less advanced facilities were not taken into consideration with this ruling. This would be the
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