Endangered Species Legislation Essay

2275 Words 10 Pages
The latter half of the twentieth century was host to the greatest and most widespread advancements in environmental awareness in human history. It was during this time that people began to consider the effects of their polluting cars and their wasteful habits. People began to realize that something must be done to curb humans’ negative impacts on their surroundings and thus the environmental movement was born. One of the most important factors that resulted from this expansion of environmental consciousness occurring over the last several decades has been the protection of endangered species. Much has been done in the legal world to ensure the continued longevity of our planet’s diversity, including two major policies: CITES and the …show more content…
CITES monitors, and often restricts international commerce in an effort to protect species impacted by trade. Talks of creating such a convention began in the 60s, when several African countries noticed population declines in species that are commonly killed for their skins; jaguar skins at that time were being imported to the US at rates of up to 13,000 skins per year. 1974 saw the drafting and signing of the actual treaty at a conference in Stockholm, Sweden, and by 1975, the requisite ten countries had ratified it and the treaty went into effect. Being international in scope, this treaty was widely celebrated as a huge advancement in endangered species legislation. To this day, it is still considered one of the most important international endangered species treaties in existence . Also in 1973, Congress passed the Endangered Species Act. It outlined eight primary objectives designed to expand the scope of the Act and establish accountability. Three further amendments were enacted in 1978, 1982, and 1988 . Now that the history of these policies has been established, the functions of the policies themselves can be examined, beginning with CITES. CITES as a treaty aims
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