Essay on England's Arts and Crafts Movement

1130 Words5 Pages
Overview The Arts and Crafts Movement originated in England in the 1860s and became popular in the United States during the 1880s. Many important architects, designers, and historians had a part in establishing the popularity of the movement. The goal behind the reform was to “change the working conditions of craftspeople while improving the quality of design” (Harwood, May, & Sherman, 2012). During this time, industrialization was rapidly increasing, and the Arts and Crafts era focused on design values from “medieval-like craft guilds” (Harwood, May, & Sherman, 2012). Many considerations were made during this period, including the promotion of efficient space planning to adapt to human needs. Another focus was on establishing harmony…show more content…
During the 1880s, the Arts and Crafts Movement was introduced to America. Because of diversity within different regions of the country, influences from different traditions were expressed in handcrafted items. The movement in the United States was similar to that in England, but also had its differences. The reform in America had less interest in the individual worker. Although many manufacturers still focused on creating excellent working conditions, it was not as important in the United States. The main focus behind the American Arts and Crafts Movement was to reform homes in an effort to help create better lives for families and individuals. Equally important was the use of craft as a tool used for social and moral reform for a variety of immigrants living in settlement houses or on reservations. Magazines such as Popular Mechanics and workshops geared toward men interested in learning craft skills led to an increase in hobbyists during this period. For the first time, everyday people were provided the information to create their own furnishings (Harwood, May, & Sherman, 2012). Although the Arts and Crafts Movement was widespread worldwide, the reform began to decline during the early 1900s. This decline was produced by a snowball effect of factors, including the death of William Morris and the unsuccessful guilds. Interest in handcrafted items quickly dwindled when the movement began to disappear from
Open Document