England's Civil War in the 1600's: Parliament against the King

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On 22nd August 1642 Civil War broke out in England, Parliament against the King. Civil war is said to be the second worst kind of war (under world war) because it is when a country fights against itself and unfortunately, this was the case in England. Many families were torn apart and many people are killed but how had this happened? How had a great country gone so low that they would have to fight against each other? How had England gone into Civil War? This is what we are going to find out in this essay. King Charles got of to a bad start. For a long time without interference England was a Protestant country so, you would expect Charles to marry a protestant, but he did not. Charles married Henrietta Maria, a French Catholic, in 1625.…show more content…
Between Charles and Parliament, Charles had more power but also more enemies, which provided Parliament and the English a reason to go to war against him. Through time many historians have come up with different but significant short term causes for the Civil War however there has always been one common reason which was when Parliament attempted to control the king’s power when they presented him with a Petition of Right in 1628. This Petition required that there would be no loans or taxation without the consent of Parliament, that Charles would not be able to imprison any free man without due cause, and that no troops would be quartered in private homes. Although Charles initially agreed to the petition, he dissolved Parliament in 1629 and did not recall it again until 1640. Nevertheless I presume that the main reason, was religion because neither Parliament nor England trusted Charles’ religious status and did not want to change from Protestantism. Because they had had to may problems in the past. During the time that Charles ruled without Parliament. Charles started to collect “Ship money”, which was usually used to buy or fix emergency ships for when Charles needed ships for war. This also contributed to the civil war because when Charles needed ships he didn’t have the money because he couldn’t collect “Ship Money” anymore. For this reason Charles had to re-elect Parliament to give him the money for
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