English And English Language Learners

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Teaching English Language Learning students have become the talk for schools across the nation during the past decade. As of the 2010-2011 school year, English Language Learners made up 13% of student population nationwide (Hill, 2012). As our nation grows in population, the diversity of our nation grows as well. English Language Learning students are entering into our schools, struggling to fit in, and struggling to understand the topics being taught. Due to this ongoing issue, research strongly supports the need for English Language Learners to develop a rich oral academic language as a pre-cursor for reading and writing proficiently in English (e.g. August & Shanahan, 2006; Fillmore & Snow 2000; Saunders & Goldenberg 2010; Saunders & O’Brien 2006; Walqui; 2010; Williams & Roberts, 2011). As Diaz-Rico states, reading is an essential skill. Children, who do not learn to read in elementary school, enter secondary education as severe under achievers and are at risk for dropping out (Diaz-Rico, 2010). With English Language Learners (ELL’s), reading comprehension skills are extremely important to learn early in a child’s academic life, because every subject in school is based on comprehension. Although teaching ELLs is not an easy task to teach, there are so many comprehension strategies a teacher can use to help an ELL student succeed. In an article titled “Reading comprehension strategies for English Language Learners” (Colorin Colorado, 2007), Colorado discusses how ELL’s

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