English And Japanese Factory Workers

962 Words Mar 3rd, 2016 4 Pages
English and Japanese factory workers
The industrial revolution is the biggest milestone of human history. Factories and machines greatly improved productivity of manufacturing. Japan and England are countries with similar geography, both being islands around the same size of the coast of large countries (doc 1). England was technologically ahead of Japan, due to Japan’s foreign policy which limited contact with other countries in order to preserve culture. The Industrial Revolution started around 1760 in England, and 1868 in Japan (background). There were now a plethora of job opportunities, with many people going to work at factories. These jobs gave little money and lasted long hours. One of the biggest industries was the textile industry; people in England and Japan both worked in this industry with many parallels. Female English and Japanese mill workers had similar experiences with their work hours, similar work conditions, and gender equality within the job.
Workers in England and Japan had similar hours of work. A young English girl around 1840 “began to work in the factory at 5:30 a.m. and finished at 8 p.m.,” with only two breaks, “a thirty-five minute break for breakfast and a fifty-five minute break for dinner” (doc 5). She worked for a total of 13 hours a day, and “worked another nine hours on Saturday … Sunday was an off day” (doc 5). In Japan, “a study by the government in 1900 revealed that a normal working day in a plant in Okaya was thirteen to fourteen…
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