English As A Global Language

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English in The British Isles The initial spread of English and the beginning of its journey to becoming a global language can mainly be attributed to the British Empire and the impact that colonisation had. According to Levine (2016) prior to the mid-seventeenth century, the British Empire was “a highly localised affair”. Levine (2016) describes what we can see as the beginning of English spreading to Wales, Ireland, and Scotland as “internal colonialism” as England ruled them from the Westminster parliament. The spread of English as a global language truly starts towards the beginning of the 16th century, when the number of mother-tongue English speakers around the world only measured between 5 and 7 million (Mastin, 2011). This is a number that now seems minuscule compared to the 1.5 billion people who speak English today (Statista, 2016). English in America In 1584, the first English ship landed in America in a quest to colonise the new world, however, this voyage was sadly unsuccessful (Crystal, 2003). After several attempts, the first successful permanent colony to be founded in America landed in 1607 at the Chesapeake Bay and by 1732 there were 13 British colonies (McIntyre, 2009). Throughout the rest of the 17th-century, immigrants were sent to the new world in shiploads moving English out of Europe and into the New World (Crystal, 2003). The English were not the only country to migrate to the New World, in the 18th century a massive influx of migrants came to

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