English Language Learners ( Ells )

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English language learners (ELLs) are people who have to acquire a second additional language and culture. In another words, ELLs are people who do not speak English as their first language. According to the National Center for Educational Statistics (2014), the percentage of public school students in the United States who were English language learners was higher in school year 2012–13 (9.2 percent, or an estimated 4.4 million students) than in 2002–03 (8.7 percent, or an estimated 4.1 million students) As the result, ELLs are growing population in the United States of America.
It is challenging for ELLs to learn English and the academic content at the same time. And ,the degree of challenge for ELLs depends on the personal, experiential, and contextual factors. Besides, stidents’ linguistic, cognitive, social, and emotional tasks are also related to the process in second language and cultural acquisition.Consequently, educators should use different strategies in different content area such as, math, science, social studies, and language arts in order to assist ELLs to achieve academic success.

Language development and second language acquisition
Second Language Acquisition (SLA) is a young but widely-discuss field of study. Many theories are exploring how children learn to talk and understand language such as behaviorism, nativism, social cognitive learning and stages of language development (Levine, Munsch 2013). For example, a mother-infant conversation is one of the
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