English Syntax- Summary

676 WordsFeb 18, 20183 Pages
To start with, grammar is usually divided into two inter-related areas of study – morphology and syntax. Morphology is concerned with how words are formed out of smaller units,which are called morphemes, and syntax is the study of how these words or phrases are combined into sentences. Nowadays, there are two different approaches of studying grammar: a cognitive and a taxonomic. The person who influenced the most a cognitive approach, and its development, was Noam Chomsky, who explained that the goal of the linguist is to determine what it is that native speakers know about their native language which enables them to speak and understand the language fluently. The cognitive approach is a part of the universal grammar, whose ultimate intent is to define the grammar's properties which could be found in every language. Universal grammar is the result that derives from our biologically endowed knowledge, hence it is described as an innate part of each language's grammar. Our biologically endowed knowledge is known as I-language, and as its additon there is an E-language, which is defined as all the world languages (for an example : English, Italian etc.) that are uttered in words. Furthermore, Chomsky broadened the definitions of I-language and E-language in terms of competence and performance. Competence is depicted qua the fluent native speaker's tacit knowledge of his or her language, while on the other hand, performance is a speaker's presentation of
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