Enlightenment Period effect on Latin America

2435 WordsSep 30, 201310 Pages
Enlightenment period effect on the future of Latin America Two political revolutions arose from the Enlightenment philosophy: the French Revolution and the American Revolution. The motto of the French Revolution, “liberté, egalité, fraternité,” captures of the ideas they were fighting for: liberty, equality, and rights.1 News of this overthrowing of the government reached many places, one of those being Latin America. During the colonial period, a great social gap developed between the peninsulares (Spanish people born in Spain) and criollos (Spanish people born in New Spain). Resentment was so great that indians, criollos, and mestizos (a mix between Spanish and Indians) went past their ethnic differences and united against…show more content…
He started rebuilding the new free states and dreamed of a unified league of Central and South American nations. However, resentment of his authoritarian ways along with fighting between states and personality conflicts caused his influence to wane.⁷ Yet again, the unbalanced mix of revolutionary ideas with the deeply rooted colonial heritage caused the vision to fail. Once Iturbide left, the Mexican Republic needed someone to take command. With this, the Supreme Executive Power led the Mexican people with the purpose of installing a workable ex- 8 "Jose De San Martin (1778-1850)." Jose De San Martin. University of Notre Dame. Web. 08 Mar. 2012. . Research Paper Martinez 5 ecutive power in Mexico as well as a Constitution.9 The task took a year, and after that Mexico enjoyed many liberal presidents. Liberalist ideas were implemented again in the Constitution of 1857 and the Laws of the Reform. With Benito Juarez’s victory over Emperor Maximiliano and his Conservative party in 1867, liberalism in Mexico proved to be the victor. However, presidents started to stray from classic liberal ideas, and this can be traced to Lucas Alaman, who, by 1830, had become a conservative. 10 Unfortunately, the Enlightenment period did not only create ideas about freedom and equality. Auguste Comte, a French philosopher, came up with a political philosophy called Positivism, which promoted order and progress. This came at the cost of the need to
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