Kumar, P. (2010). Successful implementation of ERP in a large organization International journal of engineering science and technology. Vol. 2(7), 3218-3224. Retrieved from http://www.ijest.info/docs/IJEST10-02-07-151.pdf
In this regard, (Hunton et al 2002) state that the ERP implementation enhances value to organizations. In the same line, (Poston and Garbksi 2000) explored a number of organizations implementing the ERP systems where as a result they found a decrease in employees’ ratio and cost of goods transferred in revenues.
This article presents a clear understanding of the critical success factors, software selection steps and implementation procedures involved in successful ERP system implementation. This article majorly covers topics regarding evolution, benefits and significance and pitfalls of the ERP systems as well as critical success factors and ERP system selection. This article is a helpful resource for getting an overview of the implementation procedures and critical success factors of ERP systems and companies can use this as a powerful tool to develop strategies and techniques to manage their
Adoption of an ERP system enables an organization to eliminate dozens or even hundreds of separate systems and replace them with a single, integrated set of applications for the entire enterprise.
Deploying an ERP system can help transform different aspects of business processes and cope with the challenges of growth. By reducing inconsistencies in administration, streamlining processes, ERP systems enable staff to concentrate on the core tasks. By enabling and equipping employees with business tools, ERP systems enable the firms to make a greater contribution to the efficiency and profitability of the organization. Implementing an ERP system carries significant risk. A firm wide deployment represents a major investment in time, effort and capital. The cost of a complete ERP system may be beyond the means of a growing business. Although one can deploy individual modules for different departments as funds are available, one would not reap the full benefits of a firms-wide system for some time. Deployment also can lead to disruption as employees go through a learning and readjustment process of
To avoid struggling with integrating myriad IT applications, many companies implemented ERP systems that required substantial investment of time, internal resources, and capital, resulting in significant organizational change (Dorien & Wolf, 2002). Often, ERP system implementation is accompanied by other improvements and enhancements in existing legacy systems. Due to many simultaneous changes that accompany ERP system implementation, it is hard to attribute any performance changes after ERP system installation solely to ERP systems. However, ERP system implementation is, by far, the most criticized aspect of IT investments. ERP systems require outlays ranging from a few million dollars to several hundred million dollars (Mabert et al., 2001). Despite high expenditures, ERP implementations have resulted in problems. Rushed software installations and inadequate training are blamed for well-publicized troubles with ERP. In 1999, soon after the rollout of its ERP system, Hershey Food Corp., in the third quarter of that year, lost $60.4 million due to problems in customer service, warehousing, order processing, and
In general, ERP systems are designed to standardize information entry and create data storage for information sharing across the organization. There are numerous advantages of ERP but skeptics argued on the fact that these advantages can be also achieved by simplification and lean production methods. IT systems could be effective and reliable in the long run but at the same time there is an uncertainty about whether it will align with the concerned business process. For instance, the ERP system implemented at the Korey plant to replace MRP system failed. Though it met the requirements of individual unit and enabled employees with wide range of
ERP is an abbreviation of the word Enterprise Resource Planning; this is a software designed to offer assistance in business management. It a collection of integrated applications used by a company to collect, manage, store, and interpret business data sourced from different business activities carried out by our company. These business activities include data collected from service delivery or product planning. This software is designed to allow flexibility that helps in quick decision making and business management. ERP systems are integrated software packages, meaning they are built to cover all functions in a business setup (Gefen & Ragowsky, 2005).
ANSWER: ERP is known as Enterprise Resource Planning, plays an important role to bring together various departments in an organization by effective means of communication through automated software systems. The main function of ERP systems is to manage the flow of important data between various levels of management, thereby providing a clear insight to the performance and outputs of the organization. ERP is an effective tool of business solutions and provides detailed information to a problem occurring in the organizational structure. ERP is the most needed to follow the processes of a client irrespective of the level of completion and enhances a problem free working environment through its constant data flow. An ERP system gives access to various modules like human resources, manufacturing, sales, supply chain management, etc. The biggest advantage of using an ERP system is that it integrates all the small units of a system in to a central system for management that is of great use to the IT sectors. It is also considered as a secure system through which any transaction or process can be tracked with ease. The possibility of errors is minimal in ERP systems as most of the operations are automated and centralized. One can
Some businesses are apprehensive about the time and costs involved in implementing an ERP system. That’s understandable, as traditional ERP software can be inflexible and take a significant amount of resources to implement.
ERP ensures the fundamental of business applications to be automated and reduce the cost and complexity of the business models which leads to a successful business (She & Thuraisingham, 2007). According to Berchet and Habchi (2005), Davenport (1998), among the important modules for ERP system are marketing, sales and distribution, enterprise solution, production planning, quality management, assets accounting, materials management, cost control, human resources, project management, financials , and plant maintenance. It potentially allows company to manage business better with great benefits of improved process flow and decision
What is ERP? ERP stands for enterprise resource planning. The ERP is essentially an information system that can be used by all various functions of an organization in one system. Organization with ERP systems face the challenge of maintaining their current system or upgrade to a new ERP. The researchers have identified six factors that influence the decision to perform an upgrade to the ERP system. The first factor is the cost of the upgrade. It is a major factor since most organization’s on average will spend 80% of the initial cost of
Abstract-ERP stands for Enterprise Resource Planning. ERP is a business concept for automation and planning. In today’s fast changing scenario ERP becomes one of the most demanding and successful concept in business world. Today the concept of ERP is being used by almost every segment of the business and industry worldwide. It is most sought after concept in management now. Basically it is a solution to all management processes and problems. It includes solutions for all the domains that can think of. It can be customized or better to say tailor made according to need and requirement. Like every other business and management solutions it has a history and life cycle. It is being successfully used by some major vendors worldwide and some local vendors too. It is well implemented by the organizations like SAP and Oracle. These IT giants capture a large share of market. But still the major portion is left and which is pointed out by small local ERP solution providers with their own version of ERP. Now capturing the unclaimed market is the new war. Even organizations like Microsoft and SAP are also offering their new version of ERP software for SME’s (Small Medium Enterprise).
The business world is characterized by heavy technology. Firms are relying on technology to handle numerous processes. It is for this reason that organizations are hunting for integrated systems that can combine all subsystems into a big one capable of sharing common database. Thus, enterprise resource planning (ERP) plays a great role here. The ERP system incorporates several information structures into one system. IT firms can have three main information systems namely manufacturing, human resource and finance. This software integrates data from these subsystems into a single one as well as enhancing data sharing. Any company intending to adopt the systems should consider whether or not it is increasing efficiency (McGaughey &
Enterprise Resource Planning is an enterprise-wide information system designed to coordinate all the resources, and information needed to complete business activities. It is a business management system that attempts to integrate multifarious functions of an organization. ERP serves as cross-functional enterprise backbone that integrates and automates many internal business processes and information system.1 It promises one database, one application, and a unified interface across the entire enterprise. The success of a functioning ERP depends on a suitable system that aligns with the business process of an