Environmental Concerns Of Oil And Gas Exploration, Drilling And Extraction

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2.3 Possible ways of mitigating social and environmental risks associated with oil and gas exploration, drilling and extraction Oil unearthing and its growth from corner to corner of the world has mainly been associated with environmental worries. The ecological impact in oil developing countries has been more destructive, making it more of a curse than a blessing. The task is for the concern countries to develop strategies to enhance oil and gas exploration, drilling and extraction without serious consequences to the environment (Owusu et al., (2013: p. 549). Badejo & Nwilo (year missing) conducted a study titled. “Management of Oil Spill Dispersal along the Nigerian Coastal Areas” and it was recommended that the oil industry should…show more content…
It also indicates the problems anticipated in the study. 3.1 Research Design This study will be a cross-sectional research design because it will focus on a cross-section of stakeholders affected by oil and gas exploration, drilling and extraction. Such stakeholders will include; local community, officials from National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA), and employees from the licensed oil companies. This study will adopt a quantitative approach which involves the generation of data in quantitative form which can be subjected to rigorous quantitative analysis in a formal and rigid fashion (Kothari, 2004:5). The study will also adopt a Qualitative approach to research which is concerned with subjective assessment of attitudes, opinions and behavior (Kothari, 2004:5). The qualitative data will be descriptive and will be generated from interviews, review of literature and observation. 3.2 Study Population The study population will constitute the different stakeholders, that is, local community, officials from National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA), and employees from the licensed oil companies. This population is directly concern and affected by oil and gas exploration, drilling and extraction. Sample Determination Table / Estimate Category of Respondents Population Sample Sampling procedures Local Community adjacent to oil producing areas 1000 217 Random NEMA 50 44 Purposive Employees of Oil Companies 200 132 Random Total
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