of these factors. Obesity is defined as having excess body fat” (“Centers for Disease Control and Prevention”). When energy input and output get out of balance, obesity arises. Many factors can cause someone to become obese such as genetics, metabolism, level of physical activity, and more. “Overweight and obesity are the result of “caloric imbalance”—too few calories expended for the amount of calories consumed—and are affected by various genetic, behavioral, and environmental factors” (“CDC Features
Eating disorders are an abnormal approach towards food, causing severe changes to eating habits and behavior. (NHS, 2015). A person suffering from an eating disorder compulsively focuses on their weight and body shape. Eating disorders involve range of conditions that have an impact on individual’s personal life as well as affecting an individual physically and socially. The most commonly known eating disorders are: • anorexia nervosa • bulimia nervosa • overeating – binge eating disorder Anorexia
motivation to behave in various ways? • What is the role of hunger in motivating behavior? • How do maladaptive eating patterns affect behavior? • What role do emotions play in behavior? • How do cognitions affect emotions? • How does stress influence health and behavior? • How can people reduce stress? • In what ways can stress be beneficial? • How do social factors affect the influence of stress on health and behavior? Unit Objectives Discuss the similarities of instinct and drive theories. Discuss
Genetics and Heredity “Why We Look the Way We Do” Genes: Our Biological Blueprint Genes basic units of heredity that maintain their structural identity from one generation to another. the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a protein Genes are aligned along chromosomes (strands of genes) and come in pairs. Chromosomes threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes DNA
CHAPTER Classification and Assessment of Abnormal Behavior CHAPTER OUTLINE HOW ARE ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR PATTERNS METHODS OF ASSESSMENT 80–99 CLASSIFIED? 70–77 The Clinical Interview The DSM and Models of Abnormal Behavior Computerized Interviews Psychological Tests STANDARDS OF ASSESSMENT 77–80 Neuropsychological Assessment Reliability Behavioral Assessment Validity Cognitive Assessment Physiological Measurement SOCIOCULTURAL AND ETHNIC FACTORS IN ASSESSMENT 99–100 SUMMING UP 100–101 T R U T
developed by Piaget and Erikson define each age and stage of life. In investigating the cause of obesity in each age group, we must consider the education level, culture, behavior, socioeconomic status, genetics and environmental factors which predispose an individual to obesity. The normal biopsychosocial development in people of all ages is negatively impacted by obesity in epidemic proportions. Early Childhood and Obesity Early child is categorized as beginning at age two through age seven.
researchers like Paul Salkovskis and Jack Rachman were advocating a more integrative theory and treatment of OCD, an approach that amalgamated the behavioral treatment of OCD with Beck’s (1976) cognitive theory of emotional disorders. From these two theoretical perspectives on clinical disorders, a new cognitive-behavioral approach to obsessions and compulsions was born. In many respects, my own professional development has taken a path similar to that seen in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for obsessional