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Environmental Factors : The Importance Of The Honey Bees

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The Importance of the Honey bee.

Introduction
The honey bee, Apis mellifera, is commonly accepted as one of the most important species on the planet, for its role both as a pollinator species and its commercial exploitation for honey (Winston, 1987). Almost the whole planet is inhabited by the honey bee; they are able to live in both regions of cold climates with long severe winters, and in habitats such as the tropics where winters never occur and the summer temperatures are higher. These differences in environmental conditions have caused the species to adapt and form multiple sub-species, each with various ranges of tolerance to environmental conditions (Gupta et al., 2014). Due to the honey bee thriving in most parts of the planet, it is easily thought of as one of the top pollinators as the species is recognised and able to undertake its role across the world.

Worker honey bees are physically smaller in size compared to the other two castes; drones and queens, and have more specialised bodies for pollen and nectar collection. The hind legs of this bee have a corbicula, which is an indent in the leg where the bee can compress the pollen and some nectar, it is distinctively designed to carry vast quantities of pollen to their colony. However, worker honey bees have more than one role in the colony. The youngest of the workers usually take care of the eggs, larvae and pupae, the role of the older worker honey bees is to guard the entrance to the colony, manage the food
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