Environmental Impact of Food Waste

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Environmental impact of food waste Nowadays food waste is one of the most important problems that impacts on environment. Food waste is food loss that is thrown away and could not be used anymore due to the behavior of retailers and consumers. There are a lot of reasons and causes of this problem and it can happen in different stages such as production, processing, retailing and consumption. The statistic says that half of all food worldwide is wasted and it happens in all stages of the food supply chain. (British Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 2013). While in developed countries about 100 kilograms per person per year are wasted at the stage of consumption in low-income countries this stage is production. (Gustavson, 2014)
Food Waste Statistics
Food and Agriculture Organization presented information about food wasting in the world:
- 30 % of the global food supply is wasted that is equal to retail costs of $1 trillion of food each year;
- $700 billion is wasted in natural resources( that includes $172 billion in wasted water, $42 billion in cleared forest and $429 billion in greenhouse gas costs) (Hoffman, 2014);
- $150 billion in human health;
- $280 billion in loss of livelihoods (Hoffman, 2014);
- 25 % of all freshwater used in U.S.;
- 4 %of total U.S. oil consumption (FAO, 2014);
- About 90 million tons of food is wasted annually;
- Food that are wasted in industrialized countries is much more high as in developing countries;
Cutting down the level of food waste

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