Environmental Objectives Of The United Nations

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The United Nations has recently worked on establishing goals each with specific targets regarding sustainable development. Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development, and its associated targets will be analysed for measurability and thoroughness. Targets The 7 targets associated with goal 14 focus on 4 themes. Targets 1 and 3 focus on reducing pollution, targets 2 and 5 focus on protecting ecosystems, targets 4 and 6 focus on overfishing and target 7 focuses on incentivising countries to maintain the ocean. Target 1 aims to prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds. This target is measurable as there are many different types of marine pollution that can be…show more content…
(Cheshire, iii HYPERLINK "http://www.unep.org/regionalseas/marinelitter/publications/docs/NMDMP_REPORT_Ocean_Conservancy__2_.pdf" ). The amount of nutrient runoff is measured by measuring the number of “dead zones”, and zones which are said to be eutrophied (Rabalais, 1528 HYPERLINK "http://icesjms.oxfordjournals.org/content/66/7/1528.full" ). There are an estimated 169 dead zones and 415 coastal areas that suffer from eutrophication (Steiner, 25). Several indicators of resilience are measurable. Biodiversity and indicators like thermal tolerance, dispersal ability and adaptive capacity of a species indicate resilience and are measured in many different regions (Bernhardt, 379). The productivity of an ecosystem is measured by measuring the primary productivity which is monitored globally by using satellite-ocean colour sensors and measuring the dissolved oxygen content of water (Bernhardt, 381). There are several indicators of how sustainable the level of fishing is. The percentage of mature fish indicates whether the rate of fishing is unsustainable. If the percentage of mature fish is low, there is a large proportion of fish that are unable to mature, indicating overfishing (Froese, 87). This measure is widely monitored in many coastal regions with large fishing industries. The amount of illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing is measured globally and is known to be approximately 20% of the world’s fish trade. (Waitt
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