Environmental Policies Of The United States

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Name: Hoan Vo Period: 3 Since the formation of the U.S.A in the 1776, environmental policies have changed from anthropocentric to more biocentric and heading to ecocentric in the future. In the past, American were utilitarian and focused on expanding to the west and they did not realize the importance of ecological values. They misunderstood the values of aesthetic and thought that human was the center in the environment relationship. Americans had an anthropocentric worldview and wanted to protect anything could bring up the economic benefits so they mined and create settlements for their own benefits and ignored the impact to the environment. With the wealthy natural resources in the west, the U.S government passed many different…show more content…
People perspective become more biocentric and the EPA passed more environmental protection policies such as Clean Air Act (‘63,’65,’70,’77,’90) to decrease the air polluted functional; Endangered Species Act (1973,’82,’85.’88) to protect threatened species and increasing their population; Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (1977) to requires reclamation of land mined. EPA is a powerful organization and relate to the legislation of air, water, foods, lands, endangered species, hazardous wastes,i.e, To adapt to the pressing need to be sustainable in the 21st century, the U.S government tries to find a way to balance between the environmental impact and the economy. Their philosophy worldview are neo-classical economic and anthropocentric; that why they failed to adapt to the environmental issues shows by the serious threats of the anthropocentric such as climate change, deforestation, energy shortages and pollution. In the long term as they continue to grow unsustainably, the waste emissions will highly increase and the nonrenewable energy source will soonly run out which will lead to the ecosystem continuing to dramatically change. In neoclassical economics, they usually use the cost-benefit analysis as a method to estimate the economic benefit of an action. They compare the estimate sum of the benefits to the total of estimate cost
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