Environmental Problem in Mongolia Essay

875 Words May 27th, 2013 4 Pages
1. ENVIRONMENT 2.1 What are the important environmental problems in Mongolia today? 2.2 What are the biggest changes in the environment in Mongolia? 2.3 How can we solve some of the environmental problems in UB?

1.1 What are the important environmental problems in Mongolia today?
The environment is everything around us. It is the air, water, land, climates and so on. A clean, well balanced environment has far reaching effects over all life forms and mankind. However, Mongolians can’t keep the environmental balance in recent times. Thus, it is causing serious negative effects such as air and water pollution, deforestation, desertification and land degradation. I think that the worst problems now affecting Mongolia
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People wash dusty car and dirty clothes in the rivers and lakes.
Only fifteen years ago, the total forest area of Mongolia was 10 percent of the total land area. Nevertheless, recently our country lost approximately 2 percent of the forests and now the total forest area is less than 8 percent of the total land area. So, Mongolia has been recorded as a country with small forest resource. Loss and degradation of forests cause incorrect policies and poor enforcement, increasing domestic demand for fuel wood and timber. In addition, more than half of the country is considered a fire –risk zone, and 98.5 percent of forests are classified as high fire risk areas.
In summary, environmental problems should be handled by local authorities as well as individuals. Unfortunately, we suffer from the environmental problems.

1.3 How can we solve some of the environmental problems in UB?
People say that Mongolia was called ‘A land of blue sky’ in 1970s. Nowadays, air pollution is one of the facing issues to our country, especially the capital city. Ger district, traffic jam, and old vehicle smoke are the main factors to pollute air. Air pollution in UB is increasing year after year. Luckily, I think there are several possible solutions to reduce the air pollution in UB.
First of all, the city needs to carry out projects directed to build housing units and apartments in ger district areas and to connect the areas with the central heating systems in order to reduce the
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