Environmental Risk Factors Of Adolescents

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Environmental Risk factors Poverty. The social environments that adolescents are repeatedly exposed to have been shown to influence their behaviors that follow into adulthood. Adolescents who are exposed to toxic social environments (e.g. violent neighborhoods, poverty, minimal parental supervision, etc.) have demonstrated higher rates of offending in comparison to adolescents who come from more affluent neighborhoods (Chung & Steinberg 2006; Steinberg & Monahan, 2007). Rodriguez (2013) found that adolescents who reside in communities of concentrated disadvantage have a greater predictability of becoming incarcerated at some point in their life. Furthermore, Aizer & Doyle (2013) determined that youth who are incarcerated as juveniles are three times more likely to be incarcerated as adults. According to Sickmund & Puzzanchera (2014), as of 2010, 22% of youth under the age of 18 lived in poverty---with nearly half (45%) of those juveniles living in “extreme poverty”. Statistics show that juveniles from certain racial groups tend to face economic hardships more than others. The racial breakdowns of juveniles living in poverty during 2010 are as follows: 39% were African American, 35% were Hispanic and 12% were White. That data concurs with previous research that indicates that minorities (more specifically African Americans) have a higher prevalence of living in disadvantaged neighborhoods in comparison to Whites (Chauhan, Reppucci & Turkheimer, 2009). In
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