Environmental Scarcity And Food Insecurity

786 Words Aug 21st, 2015 4 Pages
A.
According to the FAO estimation, there are 840 million undernourished people in the world, and 95% of them are from developing countries.
B.
Environmental scarcity and food insecurity are critical factors that intensify the issue of malnutrition among people in most developing countries.
C.

d. Evidence health issue:

- protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) refers to a form of malnutrition where there is lack of calories and protein intake. There are two kinds of PEM: the nutritional edema and starvation. They affect children the most because children have less protein intake than adults. PEM is a fairly common issue across the world and accounts for 45% of children‘s death in the global level, which can be attributed to insufficient food intake.

-Second hair illness is also a common deadly form of malnutrition of which kwashiorkor and marasmus are extreme manifestation.

-Marshall Island becomes a dietary colony of US. US provides cheap and unhealthy food to locals from Marshall Island, which results in their malnutrition with high rate of obesity and high possibility of getting cardiovascular disease.

Factors:

“Globalization [looks like] improving the economies of poor countries” (Guest), yet it accelerates in inequity and weakens nations’ ability to achieve food security in local communities. More specifically, The International Monetary Fund and World Bank provide financial support for the countries yet require agreements to reduce the public sector, open…

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