Environmental Sensitivity And Its External Environment

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Throughout early development, people learn to register, process and respond to the diverse aspects of their external environment (Pluess, 2015). How individuals perceive and process their external environment (sensitivity) results in qualitatively different psychological and behavioural response patterns (responsivity) (Pluess, 2015). Despite differences in terminology, researchers agree that individuals differ substantially in their sensitivity and responsivity; with some being more and some being less sensitive and or responsive to comparable environmental conditions (Pluess, 2015). The idea that individuals differ in their response to the same experience is easily observed across everyday experiences (e.g., children raised in the same family or students of the same classroom), and has been widely considered across several subfields of psychology (Pluess & Belsky, 2013). Environmental sensitivity has often, unfortunately been absorbed by well-known personality concepts such as introversion, inhibition and neuroticism. While there is some evidence of overlap amongst these concepts and environmental sensitivity, considerable research has endeavored to distinguish environmental sensitivity as a relatively stable personality trait. (Aron & Aron, 1997). Historically, as with most traditional psychological research, environmental sensitivity research has focused predominantly on psychopathology and vulnerability (Pluess & Belsky, 2013). The Diathesis-Stress Model describes
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