Environmental Threats Essay example

1895 Words 8 Pages
Contemporary Issues
Environmental threats

Overpopulation

Every 20 minutes, the world adds another 3,500 human lives but loses one or more entire species of animal or plant life - at least 27,000 species per year. ZGP July 1999
World population growth peaked at about two percent per year in the early 1960s. Latest population figures indicate that the rate of growth has slowed to 1.33 percent annually, equivalent to 78 million people a year. UNFPA 1999
The highest world population growth rate was 2.04 percent in the late 1960's. This year, it is about 1.31 percent. NY Times
World population growth is equivalent to around three babies every second. UNFPA '99
New inhabitants add the equivalent of a city the size of San Francisco to
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Sheffield, with a population of more than 500,000, has 972 officers, one per 545 citizens.
In Greater Manchester there are 6,851 officers, one for every 376 citizens.

Citizens per police officer: -
Berlin: 124
New York: 161
London: 290
Manchester: 376
Sheffield: 545

At the end of September 2000, there were 124,614 police officers in England and Wales.
Although this was a 0.4% increase on six months earlier, there were still about 2,500 fewer police officers than when Labour came to power in 1997.
In 1999, after sticking to two years of Conservative spending plans, the government pledged to fund additional 5,000 officers on top of normal recruitment.

But while the government says that it has now pledged enough cash to deal with the backlog, officers themselves have spoken of a morale crisis in the nations' police stations. Gordon Brown released £24m specifically to boost recruiting. Coupled with the first national advertising campaign for the police - launched in August 2000 - this extra cash has seen the downturn in recruiting halted.

Millions of pounds are being wasted on ineffective training for police officers
The total annual cost of training the 200,000 police service staff by the 43 forces and seven National Police Training centres in England and Wales is up to £400m. The Chartered Institute of Public Finances & Accountancy (CIPFA) claims that the cost of training is £88 per day per police officer.
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