Enzyme Enzymes : Enzyme Type Of Proteins

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According to Alberte, et al, “all biological processes, including growth, reproduction, and metabolism, require a constant supply of energy. The production of this energy is accomplished through the thousands of chemical reactions that occur in cells and is regulated by biological catalysts called enzymes.” Enzymes are proteins that decrease the activation energy of the reactions, thus increasing the rate of their process. It is important to know that these type of proteins are specific to each substrate that it binds to, forming the enzyme-substrate complex. However, enzymes are influences by several factors, such as pH, substrate concentration, salt concentration, and temperature, therefore depending on the part of the body, each enzyme will react differently. For instance, in the experiment made in this paper, we will focus on one enzyme only – amylase. This enzyme is found in saliva (mouth) and in secretions from the pancreas; it is important because helps in the hydrolysis (break down) of starch to glucose, which is the main reactant of the cellular respiration. Regarding amylase, its optimal temperature, according to Coronado, et al, is 37 degrees Celsius. Therefore, the significance of this experiment is to measure and confirm the amylases optimal temperature for future reference. The importance of knowing how amylase works in different environmental conditions, in this case temperatures, is because it can save many lives. Amylase, besides breaking down
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