Enzymes Of Health And Industry

1695 Words7 Pages
Kaitlyn Campbell
Mrs. Neathery
Honors Chemistry
5 May, 2017
Enzymes in Health and Industry
Without enzymes life would not be the same. We need enzymes for almost every chemical reaction that occurs in our bodies. Many industries rely on enzymes to help in their industrial chemical processes. Without enzymes we wouldn’t have cheese, detergent, or bread. We wouldn’t be able to drink milk or digest our food. Enzymes are often a forgotten part of our daily lives, but we couldn’t live without enzymes. Enzymes are natural catalysts that play a crucial role in the chemical processes of both our health and modern industry.
Enzymes were first discovered by French chemists Anselme Payen and Jean Persoz. In 1833, Payen and Persoz isolated an enzyme
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So, what exactly are enzymes? Enzymes are proteins, complex organic compounds, but they are also catalysts, which help speed up chemical processes without being consumed themselves. As proteins, enzymes are made up of chains of amino acids that form a complicated three-dimensional shape that is crucial to their function. Enzymes are able to function as catalysts because of their unique three-dimensional shapes. Catalysts help facilitate a quicker chemical reaction without being consumed in the actual reaction, so enzymes play a crucial role in speeding up the chemical reactions in our daily lives. The shape of enzymes allows them to catalyze reactions because substrates, the molecules broken down by catalysts, perfectly match the shape of the enzymes, fitting together perfectly like a lock and key. During catalysis, when substrates are ready to be broken down, generally the energy needed to break down the substrates is substantially larger than the amount of energy naturally available. This is where enzymes come in handy. Enzymes with the correct corresponding shape attach themselves to the substrates and form a temporary chemical bond with them. This causes the bonds within the substrates to weaken and break. Eventually, the bonds between the enzymes and the substrates break, and they are separated. The substrates break apart and are free to be
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