Ependymoma- Brain Tumor

1504 WordsFeb 21, 20186 Pages
Ependymoma Paper Ependymoma is a type of brain tumor and while it is rare in adults, accounting for 2-3% of brain tumors, ependymoma is mainly found in children and accounts for around 5% of all childhood brain cancers (American Cancer Society [ACS], 2014, January 31; American Brain Tumor Association [ABTA], n.d.). The survival rate of patients with ependymoma who have survived five years after their tumor is detected is 75% Tumors occur when cells grow to excess and form a mass. While some tumors are benign, meaning that they are harmless, others are malignant, or cancerous. Ependymoma is a malignant cancerous brain tumor (“American Society of Clinical Oncology [ASCO]– Childhood,” n.d.). The tumor appears as soft, grey or red tumors and could comprise of cysts or mineral calcifications. The name of a brain tumor derives from the cells where it forms. Ependymoma starts in the ependymal cells. The ependymal cells line the ventricles in the brain and central canal of the spinal cord (ABTA, n.d.). These two areas, the brain and the spine, make up the central nervous system that controls many significant functions like speech, thought, and physical movement. Ependymoma is in a category of brain tumors called gliomas. A glioma grows from glial cells, a supportive cell found in the brain (ASCO, n.d.). Since ependymoma is a tumor of the brain, it has different effects based on its location. For example, if there was a tumor in the temporal lobe, then coordination, speech and

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