Epidemiological Studies : Identifying Risk Factors Of Diseases Essay

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Epidemiological studies are utilized to identify risk factors of diseases in populations. Knowledge of these risk factors is used to conduct further investigation and to implement intervention preventions. Since there is a global rise in human infectious disease outbreaks, it is important to understand the methods of epidemiology, in order to understand the dynamics of diseases. In the synthetic epidemic study, suny cortland microbiology students performed an experiment to develop an intervention to prevent the spread of disease. The hypothesis mentioned, if 9 subjects (50%) use two squirts of hand sanitizer and rub it in until dry there will be a 20% decrease in the spread of synthetic disease glo-germ. Materials such as, noninfectious corn starch and one infectious corn starch was distributed among classmates to further investigate how diseases are spread and its prevalence in a certain population. Students shook treated hands with random classmates, which later concluded that from one single infection, 55% percent of the class became infected. It was expected that Purell alcohol-based hand sanitizer would decrease the spread of the disease, however our hypothesis was not supported since there was an increase among the infected population of 66%. Also, it was concluded that, since microorganism are invisible to the naked eye, modes of transmission can occur indirectly, without awareness. Introduction According to the Center for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC), by

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