Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder in which the ingestion of gluten damages the lining of the small intestine and thus leads to a wide range of symptoms and health issues. However, it is often confused with gluten intolerance or misrepresented as a dietary restriction. Consequently, most people assume cutting off pasta and baked goods from one’s diet for a limited period of time is enough to cure it. Therefore, it is necessary to raise awareness of the true definition of celiac disease and to familiarize people with the seriousness of this illness. This blog is my platform to share my story with this medical condition. My aim is to highlight the fact that having celiac is a lifelong journey that goes far beyond bread and cookies. My ultimate goal is to reveal the impact of the disease on one’s lifestyle and to uncover the concealed and invisible aspects of being celiac.
One of the most useful outcomes of studying epidemiology is learning how to evaluate critically the scientific literature (Aschengrau & Seage, 2008). Critical assessment of this literature is an important skill for public health professionals because the findings of epidemiologic research inform so many activities (Aschengrau & Seage, 2008). Munnoch et al. (2008) done epidemiological studies on S.Saintpaul infection occurred in Australia during October 2006 and found that cantaloupe production and processing practices pose a potential public health threat requiring regulatory and community education interventions. Based on main journal article written upon this subject, this article will analyse how epidemiological research has helped us
Desiree Ferrandi, a 50-year-old female who I had the pleasure to meet and interview, is 1 out of the about 3 million people in the world suffering from Celiac Disease. Celiac Disease is just one out of the many chronic illnesses that affect nearly 3 million people in America. It is a disorder that can lead to intestine damage if gluten is ingested. A strict, gluten-free diet is the only current treatment. Celiac, like other chronic illnesses, not only affects the health and body of someone, but it affects all aspects of one’s
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder affecting the gastrointestinal tract. People with celiac disease cannot eat foods with the gluten protein, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. If they eat foods with gluten, their
“Tuberculosis (TB), a multisystem disease with myriad presentations and manifestations, is the most common cause of infectious disease–related mortality worldwide. Although TB rates are decreasing in the United States, the disease is becoming more common in many parts of the world. In addition, the prevalence of drug-resistant TB is increasing worldwide. TB is caused by M tuberculosis, a slow-growing obligate aerobe and a facultative intracellular parasite. The organism grows in parallel groups called cords (as seen in the image below). It retains many
Celiac disease is seen in about 1-2% of the population, with a 2:1 woman to men ratio (Lisa Ring Jacobsson, 2011). I choose this topic because celiac disease and gluten-free diets seem to be on the rise. In the past, the diet and lifestyle changes for people with celiac disease was very challenging, but in recent years there has been an increase in the amount of people being diagnosed with celiac disease. There is much more information out there about these special diets. Life has become much easier for those with celiac
Epidemiology is viewed as the fundamental science of public health and is key in endorsing optimal health in the community as a whole (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008). Epidemiologic study and practice continues to reform public health and endeavors to prevent disease in communities across the world. This paper will address through descriptive epidemiology, the rising disease of obesity and will focus on the teen and adolescent population of the United States. This paper will also define and discuss the purpose of epidemiology, the methods of the science, the epidemiological triangle, and the relationship of the disease to various levels of prevention.
This paper will discuss the communicable disease influenza. It will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatments, as well as the demographics of interest. It will also discuss the determinants of health and how these factors contribute to the development of influenza. Included in this paper will be information on host, agent, and environmental factors. Lastly it will explain the role of the community health nurse in caring for those affected with influenza and the role they play in education and prevention.
Epidemiology is the study of diseases and informs the public about the health epidemics and new standards put in place. They usually work in laboratories, businesses, and offices where they work on discovering many diseases and conducting research while also finding cures to new diseases. In order to become an epidemiologist, I will have undergo through 4 year as an undergraduate and obtain a Masters in Biology or Public Health. In high school, it is recommended for me take Biology, Chemistry or to have some type of science background in order to help me get best prepared. In this paper I will discuss the history of epidemiology, the pathway to get to this career, and why this job/career will be the best fit for me.
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that occurs due to the body’s immune response to ingested gluten, a protein found commonly in most wheat, rye, and barley products (Rubio-Tapia et al., 2012). After gluten absorption, the immune system attacks the small intestine and destroys the microvilli lining. The microvilli of the small intestine are primarily used for nutrient absorption and this degradation can lead to malnutrition (Zuckerbrot, 2013). CD affects approximately 2 million people in the United states, 0.71% or 1 in 141 of the population. However, due
Several individuals suffering from abdominal discomfort are often content remedied only short-term for conditions other than an accurate diagnosis of celiac disease (CD). A current account from Intestinal Microbiota and Celiac Disease: Cause, Consequence or Co-Evolution? states, “Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory disease affecting the small bowel, triggered by gluten ingestion in genetically susceptible individuals” (Cenit, Olivares, Codoñer-Franch, & Sanz, 2015). This paper will discuss the history, symptoms, and testing of celiac disease. Furthermore, this paper discusses the effects this disease has on the small intestine, and how a diagnosis and dietary modifications can establish healthy living. Illustrated
When one with celiac disease ingests gluten, one’s body creates an automatic response that attacks the small intestine. Those attacks lead to destruction of the villi. Villi are fingerlike projections that help the body absorb nutrients and are line the small intestine. When the villi are destroyed, nutrients cannot be absorbed properly, which can lead to nutrient depletion in the body. Celiac disease mainly affects genetically predisposed people, meaning the disease is hereditary. (What is Celiac Disease, 1) “People with a first-degree relative with celiac disease (parent, child, sibling) have a 1 in 10 risk of developing celiac disease” (What is Celiac Disease, 1). Studies have shown that the disease affects only 1% of the United States population, and 97% of those who have it are undiagnosed (Bryan, 11). Those who are undiagnosed also have a greater risk of developing another autoimmune disorder (What is Celiac Disease,
According to a recent study, 126 PRO instruments have been identified which measure a broad range of gastrointestinal symptoms and conditions.14 Prior evaluation and comparison of these instruments demonstrated the two instuments with the highest scores for IBS symptom assessment were the Visceral Sensitivity Index and the IBS-QOL questionnaires. 14
Epidemiological studies are utilized to identify risk factors of diseases in populations. Knowledge of these risk factors is used to conduct further investigation and to implement intervention preventions. Since there is a global rise in human infectious disease outbreaks, it is important to understand the methods of epidemiology, in order to understand the dynamics of diseases. In the synthetic epidemic study, suny cortland microbiology students performed an experiment to develop an intervention to prevent the spread of disease. The hypothesis mentioned, if 9 subjects (50%) use two squirts of hand sanitizer and rub it in until dry there will be a 20% decrease in the spread of synthetic disease glo-germ. Materials such as, noninfectious corn starch and one infectious corn starch was distributed among classmates to further investigate how diseases are spread and its prevalence in a certain population. Students shook treated hands with random classmates, which later concluded that from one single infection, 55% percent of the class became infected. It was expected that Purell alcohol-based hand sanitizer would decrease the spread of the disease, however our hypothesis was not supported since there was an increase among the infected population of 66%. Also, it was concluded that, since microorganism are invisible to the naked eye, modes of transmission can occur indirectly, without awareness.
“Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events (including disease), and the application of this study to the control of diseases and other health problems (WHO, 2015)”. “Various methods can be used to carry out epidemiological investigations: surveillance and descriptive studies can be used to study distribution; analytical studies are used to study determinants (WHO, 2015)”.This paper discusses about epidemiology of HIV infection, including factors that contribute the development of the disease, epidemiologic triangle, role of community health nurse and the national organization that address the communicable disease.