Epidemiological Trends And Design Control Programs Essay

1710 WordsOct 10, 20167 Pages
When looking at infectious diseases and epidemics, one of the better ways of seeing its impact is through mathematical models. Mathematical models allow us to examine the potential impact of these epidemics a well as potential control of the situations. Anderson and May (1992) describe the use of mathematical models, and how they’re advantageous in showing stages of infectious agents within human communities, in order to help interpret epidemiological trends and design control programs. Initially Anderson and May (1992) break up their modelling into two sections: microparasites, and macroparasites. Microparasites would entail simple viruses to parasites, each having life cycles that are easy to transmit person-to-person, free-living within the environment, intimate contact of two hosts, or through vectors where a parasite does not develop or reproduce (Anderson & May 1992). Meanwhile macroparasites may be defined as either helminths and arthropods (Anderson & May 1992). This is a literature review of some of the spatial models used to predict the spread of epidemics, in regards to Anderson and May’s models. More specifically, it will focus on the spatial models used for predicting the spread of epidemics of microparasites such as defined by Anderson and May (1992). The modelling of epidemics is very advantageous for today health care and the future study of infectious diseases, more specifically epidemiology. Figure 1 Shows measles outbreaks in Austrailia from 1997-2007
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