Epidemiology Of Murmurs

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Murmurs are caused by rapid, turbulent blood flow, usually through damaged valves, which causes vibrations which are then acoustically transmitted as sound [21]. The blood flow is being pushed through a tight opening, at high speed, with the result, turbulence and murmur. During regurgitation, the valve is prevented from closing fully, which allows blood to spurt backward, and a blowing or hissing sound is heard [21]
Diagnostic Tests
Cardiovascular function and disease are evaluated by various blood tests, ultrasounds techniques, fluoroscopy and nuclear imaging studies, and EEG. The stress test EEG is invaluable in the evaluable of the pain and cardiac dysfunction. Laboratory tests have been used for diagnosis with reference to cardiac markers
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