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Epilepsy: A Genetic Analysis

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This neurological disorder has been observed for centuries and it is understood as a set of seizures. It is recognized as a heterogenous disorder and has been categorized into different subtypes that obtain certain characteristics (London: Royal College of Physicians, 2012). It is the recurring seizures that mainly characterizes this disorder as epilepsy compared to a single seizure that only occurs once. The word epilepsy derives from the Greek word, epilepsia, meaning “to seize”(Breedlove & Watson, 2013). This disorder is also known as a seizure disorder. Seizures are commonly described as a spasmodic disruption of senses (Darby & Walsh, 2005). The seizures that take place are considered to be the result of a primary disorder or a symptom…show more content…
The main common causes of epilepsy are shown as a genetic form, it can vary by age, and can be also caused by infectious disorders (Schachter et al., 2014). These seizures can occur on as young as a newborn, which would include trauma at birth, infection, prematurity and anoxia (Golden et al., 1983) . This age factor also includes older adults as old as the age of 65 and over which are triggered by strokes, Alzheimer's disease and trauma. Other factors that are also considered the main causes include toxic factors such as poisoning with carbon monoxide, lead, mercury, alcohol, allergies and other toxic conditions (Golden et al., 1983) . There are factors including metabolic and nutritional disruptions, tumors, and inherited and degenerative diseases(Golden et al., 1983). It is known that epilepsy is difficult to diagnose abruptly. This disorder cannot be diagnosed until more than one seizure takes place (NHS, 2014). Once a person is diagnosed with epilepsy, they are referred to a neurologist. Environmental factors can also take place in diagnosing. The EEG, short for electroencephalogram, is utilized while diagnosing patients. Other tests are also used to help diagnose such as the MRI. Neuropsychological tests cannot detect epilepsy but can be used to determine if there are any cognitive deficits or changes in a personality that may be associated to epilepsy(Golden et al., 1983). There are a number of behavior and mood disorders that are associated with epilepsy. It is common for individuals who have epilepsy that encounter behavior alterations and changes in their emotions. While epilepsy has been observed over many years, it has been discovered that mood and behavior changes have resulted by cause of the seizures. The most common mood disorders that are known to be related to epilepsy are major depression, dysthymia, and anxiety (Schachter et al., 2014). Emotion and behavior changes are known to
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