Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures Essay

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Emergency Medical Technician Research Paper INTRODUCTION: This paper is on epilepsy and seizures. The human brain is the source of all human epilepsy. (Steven C. Schachter, Patricia O. Shafer, Joseph I. Sirven, 2013) What is epilepsy? Epilepsy is sometimes referred to a seizure disorder, though not all seizures are related to epilepsy. According to the website Stony Brook Medicine, the reason a seizure occurs is because of an unexpected surge of electrical activity in the brain. (Stony Brook Medicine, 2014) Due to the overloading of electrical activity, it causes short-lived disturbance in the messaging system between the brain cells. The word epilepsy approaches from a Greek word 'epi' signifying 'upon or above' and the Greek word…show more content…
HISTORY: The disease of epilepsy has existed for 1000 years but only was understood in the past 100 years. The recording of seizures has improved comparing with the first days of history and is also found in the bible. The records were highly religious and superstitious with few scientific minded. The Babylonians were the first to mention about epilepsy during the civilization period. They believed that the cause of epilepsy was the presence of demons and the nature of seizures depended on the type of demon. The Hippocrates, the father of medicine, thought epilepsy was just another natural disease and could be treated through natural remedies. In 1939, ten years later, they developed the first animal model for epilepsy permitting the disease to be studied. The first drug to treat the disorder was also made known. TYPES OF EPILEPSY AND SEIZURES: All types of epilepsy eventually cause seizures. There are many kind of epilepsy. Epilepsy can have numerous possible causes and therefore it is tough to decide what nature of epilepsy caused it. The following are some categories of epilepsy: Benign focal juvenile epilepsy, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, temporal lobe epilepsy, childhood, juvenile absence epilepsy, and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. (National Institute of Neurological Disorder and Stroke, 2014) Benign focal childhood epilepsy causes stiffening and jerking of muscles all over the body, often occurs during the

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