Eras And Influences Of Art Deco

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The Eras and Influences of Art Nouvea & Art Deco
Written by: Tala Nuseibeh
Art Nouveau and Art Deco are two very distinct design movements, with very distinct elements, that emerged at around the era of the 20th century. They were both reactions to major world events: art nouveau was inspired by the Industrial Revolution and art deco by the 1st World War. While both embrace modernist elements, they're easy to distinguish if you know what to look for: “Whiplashes” for Art Nouveau & clean, crisp geometric lines and shapes for Art Deco. Art Nouveau was an art movement that emerged in Europe around the late 1800s. It was in part a derivative to styles popular earlier in the 19th century, like Neoclassicism, that is mostly based on historical
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Art Deco’s influences were Art Nouveau, the Bauhaus, Cubism, and Serge Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes. Decorative ideas came from American Indian, Egyptian, and early classical sources as well as from nature. Characteristic motifs included nude female figures, animals, foliage, and sun rays, all in conventionalized forms. (Britannica, 2017)
Art Deco emerged after the 1st World War. The movement is prevalent from the 1920s until the start of World War II, it took its name from the 1925 Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes, based in France and is characterized by its industrial lines and geometric shapes. It also used modern materials like chrome, stainless steel, and wood. If Art Deco used natural materials, they tended to be graphic or textured. Art Deco featured bold
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They included the furniture designers Jacques Ruhlmann and Maurice Dufrène; the architect Eliel Saarinen; metalsmith Jean Puiforcat; glass and jewelry designer René Lalique; fashion designer Erté; artist-jewelers Raymond Templier, H.G. Murphy, and Wiwen Nilsson; and the figural sculptor Chiparus. The fashion designer Paul Poiret and the graphic artist Edward McKnight Kauffer represent those whose work directly reached a larger audience. New York City’s Rockefeller Center, the Chrysler Building (Left) by William Van Alen, and the Empire State Building by Shreve, Lamb & Harmon are the most monumental embodiments of Art Deco. During the 1930s the style took over South Beach in Miami, Florida, producing an area known as the Art Deco historic district. (The Editors of Encyclopædia

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