Erectile Dysfunction : Causes, Effects, And A Focus On Treatments

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Erectile Dysfunction: Causes, Effects, and a Focus on Treatments

“Sex.” The media portrays sex to be easy, problem-less, and enjoyable all the time. Although this may be the case for some, for others, sex can be a serious struggle. Research shows that sexual dysfunction is common with 43% of women and 31% of men (DiMeo, 2006). In addition, around 10% of men aged 40 to 70 years old have complete erectile dysfunction, yet very few seek medical help (O’Leary, Barada, & Costabile, 1996). Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem during any phase of the sexual response cycle that prevents the individual or couple from experiencing satisfaction from the sexual activity. The sexual response cycle has four phases: excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution. Sexual function is a very important part of one’s sexuality. Sex may be only one component of one’s life but it can affect many other facets of life, including confidence, identity, life satisfaction, and health. In addition, sexual dysfunction is frequently associated with a number of systemic illnesses and surgical treatments, thus it is important to address sexual dysfunctions. Sexual dysfunction is a topic that many people are hesitant and embarrassed to discuss (Barnes, 1991). Fortunately, most cases of sexual dysfunction are treatable, which is why it is important for people to share their concerns with their partner(s) and doctor(s). The three most common sexual dysfunctions for men are low desire (libido),
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