Ergastic Substances in Amaranthaceae Chenopodiaceae

1496 WordsFeb 17, 20186 Pages
Ancient Crops, Future Foods Species of Amaranthus and Chenopodium flourished for over 3000–7000 years amongst the Incans, Aztecs and Mayan civilizations alongside other important crops emerging as some of the most important crops in the Americas before the advent of the Spanish colonialists. The Aztecs and Mayans considered amaranth a superfood alongside other staples like maize and beans. Similarly, on the Peruvian-Bolivian alpine plain cropped together with corn and beans; the ancient Incans regarded Quinoa ' mother of cereals' [40-43]. The cultivation of these species and their relatives evolved into a highly developed agricultural system ultimately relegated and destroyed by the Spanish invaders. Regardless, various Amaranthus and Chenopodium species spread throughout the world as important grain and/or vegetable crop during the 17th, 18th and 19th century, reaching Indo-China and Africa continents, following the initial introduction of Amaranth for example as an ornamental plant in the 16th century. Present day resurgence of the awareness of Amaranthus and Chenopodium species probably commence with sudden increase in the knowledge on the high nutritional value of quinoa and amaranth at the beginning of the 20th century as well as the food security concerns driven by the hidden harvest programme of the Food and Agricultural Organization – FAO [44]. At present amaranth and Quinoa enjoys sizeable cultivation in USA, South America, India, China, Russia, the Czech Republic

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