Ergonomics : A Human Factor

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Ergonomics is a human factor with the application of scientific information concerning objects, systems and environment for human use. The field of ergonomics is an applied science that also studies the effects of fatigue and discomfort on the body and designs protective equipment to keep operators safe and efficient. Ergonomics focuses on people, the single largest and most valuable asset of any organization. Regardless of appearances, people are different from one another. Ergonomics recognizes and strives to accommodate individual differences in everything from size to skills, from work styles to habits. Good ergonomics improve performance and productivity. Comprehensive ergonomics means looking at the total workplace from task…show more content…
Employee exposure to work related Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) from ergonomic stressors that have not been effectively identified and addressed in a facilities safety and health program.
Patient handling and movement tasks are physically demanding, generally performed under critical conditions and often unpredictable in nature. Patients offer multiple challenges including variations in size, physical disabilities, cognitive function, level of cooperation and fluctuations in condition. As a given weight to be lifted, they are awkward packages, lack even weight distribution and have been known to become combative during the lift process. Many patients/residents, especially nursing home residents, are totally dependent on staff members to provide activities of daily living, such as dressing, bathing, feeding, and toileting. Each of these activities involves multiple interactions with handling or transferring of patients/residents and could result in employee injuries. Employee injuries lead to increased injury costs, higher turnover rates, increased sick/injured days, and staffing shortages.
OSHA 's OSH Act of 1970 strives to "assure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women..." and mandates that "each employer shall furnish to each of his/her employers employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his/her employees." (Osha, 2015)
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