Ergonomics Literature Review

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Literature Review evaluating the effects of ergonomics on work Ergonomics is defined as the science of designing the job to fit the worker rather than physically forcing the workers body to fit the job¹. Ergonomics combines aspects from the following scientific fields, physiology, biomechanics, kinesiology, industrial hygiene and psychology. This bibliographic analysis will concentrate on the following topics: medical aspects, productivity and product quality, the relationship between work sustainability and ergonomics, small business foundries, and green ergonomics. This review will also highlight pros and cons of the application of ergonomic principles in the work place. Work ergonomics aims to alleviate problems associated with workplace…show more content…
A study shows that ergonomics in the work environment could assist in eliminating frequent events of production failures, health hazards, optimise production rates and the effect on product quality. A strong correlation between quality errors and high ergonomic workload exists. Potential reasons for this include the effect of other ergonomic factors (organisational, cognitive and psychological) and misclassifications. High risk tasks such as working underneath machinery, hidden, at a distance, or in compromising postures, and forceful operations creates more errors. The following outcomes were pointed out in the study: improvement in productivity and working conditions, reduced reworking, scrap and time, and a decrease in health risks. Advantages of ergonomics should encourage the employer and employees to support the ergonomic approach to assist them in finding solutions and making continuous improvements. Evidence from our research findings suggest that incorporating ergonomics into the work place positively effects the workers wellbeing and production but has no impact on the quality of the
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