Erik Erickson 's Pyschosocial Theory Of Development

937 Words Nov 4th, 2015 4 Pages
We can interpret the film “14 Up: Japan” using Erik Erickson’s Pyschosocial Theory. This theory of development emphasizes “the influence of society on the developing personality” (Papalia, 2015, p. 27). An important part of that definition is the part about developing their personality. This entire series is how children develop their own identities throughout the years. Many children when first interviewed in this documentary at age seven exhibit Erikson’s crisis of Industry versus inferiority; in which children either learn the skills of the culture or face the feeling of incompetence. For example, the child named Kento, at age seven, is contemplating if he truly wants to follow the footsteps of his father and take over the family rice farm (learning the skills of the culture). If he did not continue the family farm, he may believe his father thinks less of him as a man (14 Up: Japan, scene 3). At age 14, many of these kids go through the crisis Identity versus identity confusion. This crisis focuses on the question “Who am I?”. You see this in the documentary when Noake claims that he wants to go to university, but he isn’t sure what he wants to do (14 Up: Japan, scene 19). Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory is prevalent in this documentary; showing examples of both crises that are applicable to the ages of seven to fourteen. Parenting styles in the documentary from 14 Up: Japan are either authoritarian (focus on control and obedience) or authoritative (mix of respect for a…

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