Erik Erickson 's Theory Of Development

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Erik Erickson’s Theory of Development Erickson does not discuss psychosexual stages like Freud, but rather, psychosocial stages. There are eight different stages in this development theory, which may seem like a lot, but it delves deep into multiple stages and ages of life. Similar to Freud, he believes that a crisis happens at each stage of development, “these crises are of a psychosocial nature because they involve psychological needs of the individual (i.e. psycho) conflicting with the needs of society (i.e. social).” (Erickson, 1959) In this theory, each stage you successfully master, results in a healthy personality. The first stage begins at infancy and lasts until about 12 to 18 months. It is the “Trust vs. mistrust” crisis. Infants in this stage are uncertain about the world they are in, to help, infants look towards their primary caregiver for stability and and care. Erickson says, “Success in this stage will lead to the virtue of hope.” (Mcleod) If this is not developed within this stage than the opposite will happen, the infant will develop fear. “Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt” is the second stage. At this range of age, between the ages of 18 months and three, children are more mobile, and a little more independent. A child must be able to explore and test what they like vs what they dislike and it helps when the parent is supportive of this. The aim has to be “self control without a loss of self-esteem” (Gross, 1992). Success in this stage will lead to the
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