Erik Erikson : Psychosocial Development

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Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages of Development “Erik Erikson was best-known for his famous theory of psychosocial development and the concept of the identity crisis. His theories marked and important shift in thinking on personality; instead of focusing simply on early childhood events, his psychosocial theory looked at how social influences contribute to personality throughout the entire lifespan” (Cherry). This paper will discuss Erikson’s childhood and the influence it had on his work. Also, it will discuss and outline the eight stages in psychosocial development, and give an example of crisis in each stage. Erik Erikson was born on June 15th, 1902 in Frankfurt, Germany. The common story regarding Erikson’s family is that…show more content…
He was tall with blue eyes and blonde hair and stood out among the other students. He was also rejected by his peers in grammar school due to his Jewish background. These experiences left Erikson confused about his own identity, but it also helped develop his idea of identity formation. After Erikson finished school he was advised by a friend to attend Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. While there Erikson studied psychoanalysis and he earned a certificate. Shortly after his studies he took a teaching position working closely with Anna Freud and Dorothy Birlingham for several years. In 1933, Erikson moved to the United States where he took a teaching position at Harvard Medical School. During that time he also had a private practice focused child psychoanalysis. Erikson expanded the psychoanalytic theory by exploring development throughout the life span. This includes events from childhood, adulthood, and old age. This can be seen in Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development. “Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development is a psychoanalytic theory which identifies eight stages through which a healthily developing human should pass through from infancy to late adulthood” (Erikson 's stages of psychosocial development). There are eight stages included in Erikson’s psychosocial development. In each stage there is a crisis and a basic strength. Each stage requires an individual to cope either
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