Erik Erikson : Psychosocial Stages Of Development

1932 WordsMay 2, 20168 Pages
Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages of Development Kiara Stephenson Theories of Personality Dr. Resnick 1 May 2016 Abstract Erik Erikson is one of the most influential psychoanalysts of the 20th century. He developed the eight stages of psychosocial development. These stages are trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. doubt/shame, initiative vs guilt, industriousness vs inferiority, identity cohesion vs. role confusion, intimacy vs. isolation, generativity vs. stagnation, and ego integrity vs. despair. He focused his study on the crisis that arise in adolescence and adulthood. He explained how certain things must be achieved in different stages of your life in order to be an emotionally normal person. These needs are coincidence with each other but take effect during certain time periods of your life and can affect your future. When analyzing his work, you can definitely see how it is relevant today. Erikson’s theory is compared with Freud’s because Erikson expands on the ideas that Freud already presented. Like any theorist, there are criticism that put restraints on his work. “Life doesn’t make any sense without interdependence. We need each other, and the sooner we learn that, the better for us all.” -Erik Erikson Erik Erikson was born June 15, 1902 in Frankfurt, Germany. His mother was Jewish and his father was Danish. However, Erikson’s father left before he was born so his mother married his pediatrician after raising Erikson by
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