Erik Erikson Was An Ego Psychologist Who Emphasized The

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Erik Erikson was an ego psychologist who emphasized the role of culture and society and the conflicts that can take place within the ego. He developed a theory of psychosocial stages where he believed a crisis occurs at each of the eight stages of development. Erik Erikson was influenced by Sigmund Freud, who emphasized the conflict between the id and the superego, but unlike Freud, Erikson believed that the ego develops as a result of successfully resolving crises in eight distinct stages that expand a lifetime. Successful completion of each stage results in a healthy ego, however, failure to complete each stage results in an unhealthy view of one’s self. “Erik Erikson maintained that personality develops in a predetermined order, and…show more content…
When they are successful at these tasks, they begin to feel a sense of accomplishment and their self-esteem increases while failure at a task increases a sense of inferiority or incompetence” (Licht, 2014, p. 360). This is the stage where emphasis is often placed on academic and athletic performance, and where peers become more significant to a child’s self-esteem.
During Erickson’s fourth stage of industry versus inferiority, peer and social interactions determine whether a child’s sense of self will develop in an industry or an inferior direction. A child’s self-esteem is based on whether peer or adult interaction will positively or negatively affect specific aspect of their emotional growth (psychological growth). Erickson’s fourth stage of industry versus inferiority impacts the development of identity the most when children are struggling to learn new concepts and moral responsibilities and when they start to realize the importance of school and friendships. As children grow older, school and social interactions start to play a bigger role in forming their self-concept of themselves. Social interactions help children develop pride in their accomplishments and abilities. When children are younger their interactions are mainly with family members and caregivers, but as they grow up their friends start to influence them much more. “During the elementary school years, the child who has successfully resolved the crises of the earlier stages is ready to
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