Erik Erikson 's Psychosocial Theory Of Development

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Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory of Development Erik Erikson, a German psychologist of the early 1900s, is most known for his theory on psychosocial development in humans. He was heavily influenced by his work with Anna Freud and her father, Sigmund Freud. However, in his research, he put emphasis on the cultural and social impact on identity development and studying the ego, which he believed developed with successful crisis resolving throughout life (“Erikson’s Stages”, 2007). He proposed the life-long model of development, consisting of eight stages. Erikson assumes that in every stage of development, there is a crisis that the individual must overcome despite the conflict of their psychological needs and the needs of society (McLeod, 2008, ¶9). With achievement of the basic virtue associated with each stage, the individual can move forward with their development. The conflict between the ego and societal experiences, Erikson coined as an “identity crisis” (“Identity Formation”, 2015, ¶2) The ultimate idea with the stages of development is that these struggles must be overcome by individuals in order to find their sense of identity and self-knowledge. His theory heavily influences education, however not like many would expect. His research lies in helping people understand the importance in a positive relationship between students and teachers. Erikson’s Career For Erikson’s time, he was widely recognized and his theories readily accepted. A former co-worker of
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