Erik Erikson 's Psychosocial Theory On Child Development

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Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory on Child Development Erik Erikson, a well known developmental theorist, developed his theory about stages of human development from birth to death by using Freud 's work as a starting point. According to Erikson, personality develops in a series of stages. Erikson found out that children experience conflicts which affect their development. He described the internal conflict which children go through in developmental stages using the term ‘crisis’ and are based on either developing a psychological quality, or failing to develop that quality (Bee & Boyd 2003). During this period of development, chances of developing a psychological quality or failing to develop that quality are equal. He believes that the personal identity and future development of a person are determined by the way he or she resolves the series of conflicts they go through. Concept of Erik Erikson’s Theory According to Erikson’s theory, children will experience five basic conflicts which will define their growth and future personality. The first stage of Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages is that of a conflict between Trust and Mistrust. It takes place in the period between when a child is born to a time when he or she starts walking and involves Social and emotional development (Etaugh & Rathus 1995). The balance between trust and mistrust depends on how the child is treated by the caregiver. If the child’s needs are met by the caregiver, he or she will develop a trust towards
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