Erik Erikson 's Stages Of Psychosocial Development

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This theory is the third of eight parts to Erik Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development. Erikson states that we progress through these eight stages of development in a fixed order with each stage involving a crucial event or predicament that must be overcome in order to progress to the proceeding stage. This event takes place during a critical period within the individual’s development, thus if it is negatively resolved then it will prevent optimal development into the following stages however if it is positively resolved then the individual will advance normally. The manner in which we progress through each stage shapes our personalities and abilities, as even if we negatively complete a stage, we still pass through it, however the consequences are revealed later on in the next stage and so forth. This particular stage of development, initiative vs. guilt refers to the time where children during the ages of 3 to 6 begin “asserting control and power over their environment by taking initiative through planning activities”. In addition, the initiatives “allow them to begin to view and understand the cause-effect relationships between their actions and the consequences of them” (Children’s Life Online, Avi Luxenburg). During this stage, the child feels a sense of guilt when they take a negative initiative and are punished for it. The goal of this stage is for “feelings of guilt to be transformed into feelings of remorse” (Children’s Life Online, Avi Luxenburg). These
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