Erik Erikson 's Theory Of Psychosocial Development

1007 Words5 Pages
Erik Erikson was a German born, American developmental psychologist. He is known best for his theory of psychosocial development, and creating the phrase “identity crisis”. He practiced after Freud, adopting some and disagreeing with some of his theories. Erikson continued the theory of the id, ego, and superego. However, unlike Freud, Erikson believed that personality development cannot be explained or identified solely based on sexuality. He believed that society and culture also influence psychosocial development. According to Erikson, we are innately born with certain personality traits and, then our environment and upbringing continue to mold us. Each stage of development builds upon the previous and makes the way for the stages to come. Each stage would have a “crisis” or a developmental hurdle to jump, but it is our ego’s job to find a solution to further development. In his theory there are eight stages. The outcome for each stage does not have to be permanent, and can be changed by what we may experience in future stages of life. The first stage of Erikson’s developmental theory is trust vs. mistrust. This stage covers the entire first year of life. During this stage, the most fundamental principle of life “trust” is formed. While this bond is typically formed parentally during this year, psychologically wise it goes far beyond that. The child having this trust allows them to form the basis for a sense of identity, otherwise mistrust brings with it a
Get Access