Erik Erikson 's Theory Of Psychosocial Development

1445 Words6 Pages
Erik Erikson was an ego psychologists who developed one of the utmost popular and prominent theories of development. While Erikson’s theory was influenced by psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud 's work, Erikson 's theory centered on psychosocial development rather than psychosexual development. Erik Erikson 's theory of psychosocial development is one of the best-known theories of personality in psychology. Much like Sigmund Freud, Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of stages. Unlike Freud 's theory of psychosexual stages, Erikson 's theory describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan.
One of the main elements of Erikson 's psychosocial stage theory is the development of ego identity. Ego identity is the conscious sense of self that we develop through social interaction. According to Erikson, our ego identity is constantly changing due to new experiences and information we acquire in our daily interactions with others. As we face each new stage of development, we face a new challenge that can help further develop or hinder the development of identity.
When psychologists talk about identity, they are referring to all of the beliefs, ideals, and values that help shape and guide a person 's behavior. The formation of identity is something that begins in childhood and becomes particularly important during adolescence, but Erikson believed that it is a process that CONTINUES throughout life. Our personal identity gives each of us an integrated
Get Access